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vor 11 Monaten

FELD 01/2022

  • Text
  • Articifial intelligence
  • Precision farming
  • Intensification
  • Patchcrop
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate
  • Agriculture
  • Farmers
  • Ecosystem
  • Zalf
  • Researchers
  • Sustainable
  • Landscape
  • Soil
  • Agricultural
Small squares instead of large fields: Together with a real farm, a research team is testing an unusual cropping system in the patchCROP landscape laboratory. // ZALF researchers are developing agricultural strategies to explicitly promote valuable ecosystem services like fertile soils and clean drinking water. // Striving for a resource-efficient agriculture without yield losses, more and more farmers are implementing measures of sustainable intensification on their farms. // Using precision farming to detect pest outbreaks and predict climate change effects: artificial intelligence holds great potential for agriculture.

Ecosystem Services

Ecosystem Services Ecosystem Services The banks of streams and small water bodies are biodiversity hotspots: this is where beneficial organisms live, for example insects feeding on wild herbs in adjacent fields. Agriculture benefits from these landscape structures, but influences them at the same time. To me, the loss of ecosystem services and biodiversity is just as dramatic as climate change. PROF. BETTINA MATZDORF IT MUST BE DONE TOGETHER Bettina Matzdorf is convinced that it is about time to pay more attention to ecosystem services. »For me, the loss of ecosystem services and biodiversity is just as dramatic as climate change«, she emphasizes. In 2015, she co-founded the innovation network »Ecosystem Services Germany« (ESP-DE) to advance research and debates on this topic. It is clear to the researcher: solutions can only be developed together with the farmers. In »contracts2.0« — a current EU project — she is collaborating with the German Farmers’ Association and more than twenty European partners from research and practice to investigate how farms can be better rewarded for protecting ecosystem services on their land in the future. »What is new about our approach is that farmers are not paid for specific measures, but for concrete results«, explains Bettina Matzdorf. In the future, payments could therefore be granted if, for example, biodiversity in agricultural regions is improved. Text: Heike Kampe THE RESEARCHERS Claudia Bethwell’s project partners are developing a software package for this purpose: With just a few clicks, farmers will be able to see, for example, whether it might be worthwhile to improve their water management or opt for soybean instead of wheat, or which strategy may be suitable for reducing their greenhouse gas emissions while also promoting soil fertility. The web app is expected to be available free of charge to farms from mid-2022 onwards. Prof. Bettina Matzdorf is co-head of the Research Area 2 »Land Use and Governance« at ZALF and holds a professorship for »Ecosystem services — Economic and Planning Aspects« at the university of Hannover. Geographer Claudia Bethwell is a member of the working group »Provisioning of Biodiversity in Agricultural Systems« at ZALF. 18 19

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